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  • A Guide to the Different Types of Garden and Their Origin


    Many countries have developed their distinctive garden styles. Wondering which possibility to choose? There are 11 types of gardens. Here is everything about their characteristics and origin.

    Chinese Gardens

    The Chinese garden style has been evolving for more than 3000 years. Poets, scholars and members of the royal family enjoyed landscaping and used it as an opportunity to impress. The Chinese landscape is inspired by the harmony between man and nature. The garden can have a pond, rock decorations, assorted flower beds, trees and pavilions that are connected to each other via alleys. The Chinese garden is enclosed within high walls.



    Dutch Gardens

    The Dutch garden features some of the most practical space utilization. Geometrical patterns and symmetry are very common for Dutch gardens. The flower beds and alleys are usually enclosed with walls or hedges. Dutch gardens were very popular in England in the past. They were the opposite of the cottage garden that has asymmetrical arrangements.





    English Gardens
    English park or landscape became popular in the 18th century. It replaced the 
    French style that was used throughout Europe in the 17th century. The English park features a lake and lawns that are set against a forest. The English garden can also include temples, statues and classic ruin decorations.




    French Gardens

    There are several French garden styles. Jardin a la francaise is probably the most popular variety. This garden style was prominent in 17th century Europe. It was characterized by order and the Versailles garden are the perfect example of this landscaping style. The style was heavily influences by the Italian Renaissance. The French landscape garden is another style that is much more romantic and less orderly.




    Greek Gardens

    Greek gardens were popular in Ancient Greece but little is known about their characteristics today. During the Classic Greek period, gardens were minimalist and mainly characterized by the use of pots to hold plants. In the fourth century, private gardens became popular in Athens.





    Italian Renaissance Gardens

    This garden style emerged in the 15th century. The classical ideas of symmetry, order and beauty inspired landscaping efforts. Fountains, statues, symmetrical flower beds and grottoes were all typical for Italian Renaissance gardens. Their purpose was to impress the viewer and to allow for full exploration of nature’s harmony.





    Japanese Rock and Tea Gardens

    Two styles originated in Japan – the rock and the tea garden. Japanese rock gardens are also called “landscape”. In the 11th century, Japanese zen gardens were copied in China. These are characterized by rock arrangements, moss and the use of racked gravel or sand. Roji or tea garden is the second variety. Roji gardens are characterized by simplicity and humbleness. There are inner and outer gardens that have a pond, stepping stones, wicket gates and lanterns.




    Korean Gardens

    Korean gardens appeared 2000 years ago and they are characterized by simplicity. These gardens are very informal and they have no aim of introducing human order to the natural world. Asymmetry is common for Korean gardens. Korean gardens usually have shaped trees, ponds, streams, rock arrangements, waterfalls and fruit trees.







    The Persian garden is called charbagh and the Taj Mahal landscaping is probably the most popular example. Persian gardens are quadrilateral. Water is used to divide the garden space into walkways. There are trees planted to attract birds, which is one of the most prominent characteristics of charbagh gardens.




    Andalusian Patio

    The Spanish Andalusian patio is actually influenced by Arabic and Persian landscaping. Gardens are rich and full of aromatic flowers, ponds, fountains and decorative figures. The Andalusian patio has been around for centuries but the style became prominent in the 15th century. Frescoes and marble walls that are used for the creation of decorative shapes are very popular in this type of landscape.





    Colonial Revival Gardens

    The American colonial revival gardens date back to the Colonial period and they are characterized by order and simplicity. Alleys are straight and the same applies to the flower beds. Low walls or hedges enclose the garden space. The purpose of the garden and its location was determining for its appearance during the Colonial period. Often, such gardens were used for the planting of fruits and vegetables.




    Gardens differ on the basis of decorative elements and purpose. There are many possibilities to choose among and today, the 11 garden styles are still popular and widely used.




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